Three must-know stages of pregnancy


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From the formation of the fetus to birth, pregnancy goes through various stages and it quite confusing especially for new parents. So learning about the physical and emotional changes that come with these stages and preparing oneself is highly recommended.

The embryo will be positioned in various ways in the ovary throughout the pregnancy and thus the position of the embryo before the 36th week may not be the same with the position around the time of delivery; it holds the delivery position after the 36th week. The movement of the embryo signifies growth and development within the ovary; it also strengthens the relationship between the mother and the baby.

For a healthy pregnancy, it is best to make plans on a weekly basis. It is recommended to check what type of diet a mother should be on during her pregnancy and what type of exercises she must do. A typically healthy pregnancy lasts for 37-42 weeks or 9-10 months. This stage is very critical for both the mother and the baby. Any woman who is going to be a mother must have regular antenatal visits or checkups. Antenatal care or visits not only make the baby’s health better, it also prevents and treats any health issues the mother may face during her pregnancy.

The signs of pregnancy include missed period, tender and swollen breasts, nausea, headaches, fatigue and etcetera. The first trimester starts from the first missed period up to 13 weeks. This is the time when the signs of pregnancy are very noticeable; it is also the time to start antenatal checkups. The second trimester is the time within the 14th and 26th week. This is the stage where the mother enjoys better health than the previous trimester. It is also the time to feel movements of the baby. The third trimester is the time of pregnancy within the 27th and the last week and is the time to prepare for delivery.

There are a few things that may happen during pregnancy and require attention: bleeding or spotting, arm, foot and facial swelling, migraines, blurred vision, stomach and back pain, constant vomiting and burning sensation while urinating. If these things happen, it is important to see a doctor immediately. 

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Things that must be avoided during pregnancy include: alcohol and cigarettes, medicines without doctor’s orders, too much tea and coffee, artificial sweeteners or spices, uncooked meals and exposure to radiation.

What your period says about your health?

The menstrual cycle is considered a taboo amongst many in the society. However, it is rather important to discuss about certain issues. Whatever the woman’s age, here is what her period has to say about her health.

Dysmenorrheal, also known as Period Cramps are pains felt in the lower abdomen during menstruation is caused when the tissue around the uterus breaks down. This occurs in 50 women and is caused by the prostaglandin hormone. If a woman has very high lower abdominal pain, it signifies that there is a huge health issue which is called Endometriosis. Women with endometriosis have a disorder in which the tissue that lines the uterus grows outside the uterus. So when menstruation occurs, the blood does not have anywhere to flow to. 7-11 women are affected by this disorder.

Changes in the color of the menstrual blood also signify health issues. Blueberry color of menstrual blood shows that there is a high level of estrogen in the body which is responsible for making the linings of the uterus thick. Strawberry or pink colored menstrual blood shows low levels of estrogen in the body. This causes dryness in the vaginal area, hair loss, fatigue and inability to achieve orgasm. Women with this condition have irregular periods. Red colored menstrual blood signifies good health. 

Women lose what seems like a gallon of blood each month. The average menstrual blood amount would be half a cup. This does not mean that all women would not lose a lot of menstrual blood. If a lot of blood is lost during the cycle and has a long duration, it would cause swelling of the uterus and ovarian tumors. This condition mostly occurs on women who are above 35 years of age. On the opposite, little blood loss signifies an early menopause. 

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